“These thirteen lucidly written case studies examine diverse communities, histories, and landscapes, demonstrating that the Caribbean offers historical archaeology a great deal more than the study of sugar and slavery.”–Theresa A. Singleton, author of Slavery behind the Wall: An Archaeology of a Cuban Coffee Plantation
Caribbean plantations and the forces that shaped them–slavery, sugar, capitalism, and the tropical, sometimes deadly environment–have been studied extensively. Archaeologies of Slavery and Freedom in the Caribbean: Exploring the Spaces in Between edited by Lynsey A. Bates, John M. Chenoweth, and James A. Delle brings together alternate stories of sites that fall outside the large cash-crop estates. Employing innovative research tools and integrating data from Dominica, St. Lucia, the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Barbados, Nevis, Montserrat, and the British Virgin Islands, the contributors investigate the oft-overlooked interstitial spaces where enslaved Africans sought to maintain their own identities inside and outside the fixed borders of colonialism.
Despite grueling work regimes and social and economic restrictions, people held in bondage carved out places of their own at the margins of slavery’s reach. These essays reveal a complex world within and between sprawling plantations–a world of caves, gullies, provision grounds, field houses, fields, and the areas beyond them, where the enslaved networked, interacted, and exchanged goods and information.
The volume also explores the lives of poor whites, Afro-descendant members of military garrisons, and free people of color, demonstrating that binary models of black slaves and white planters do not fully encompass the diversity of Caribbean identities before and after emancipation. Together, the analyses of marginal spaces and postemancipation communities provide a more nuanced understanding of the experiences of those who lived in the historic Caribbean, and who created, nurtured, and ultimately cut the roots of empire.
Lynsey A. Bates is an archaeological analyst for the Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery (DAACS). John M. Chenoweth is assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Michigan-Dearborn. James A. Delle, associate dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Shippensburg University, is the editor of The Limits of Tyranny.
A volume in the Florida Museum of Natural History: Ripley P. Bullen Series