“In this volume, particularly in the discussion of foodways, the archaeology is clearly visible, and the unique contributions that archaeology makes come to the fore. I would recommend this study to anyone seeking to understand what long-term, synthetic archaeology can do, and how to write about it.”—Martha A. Zierden, coauthor of Charleston: An Archaeology of Life in a Coastal Community  
Below Baltimore provides the first detailed overview of the rich archaeological heritage of the people and city of Baltimore. Drawing on a combined five decades of experience in the Chesapeake region and compiling 70 years of published and unpublished records, Adam Fracchia and Patricia Samford explore the layers of the city’s material record from the late seventeenth century to the recent past.
Fracchia and Samford focus on major themes and movements such as Baltimore’s growth into a mercantile port city, the city’s diverse immigrant populations and the history of their foodways, and the ways industries—including railroads, glass factories, sugar refineries, and breweries—structured the city’s landscape. Using insights from artifacts and the built environment, they detail individual lives and experiences within different historical periods and show how the city has changed over time.
Synthesizing a large amount of information that has never before been gathered in one place, Below Baltimore demonstrates how urban archaeology can approach cities as larger collective artifacts of the past, where excavations can uncover patterns of inequality in urbanization and industrialization that connect to social and economic processes still at work today.  
Adam D. Fracchia is an archaeologist with the Metropolitan Historical Commission of Nashville and collaborates with the University of Delaware and Middle Tennessee State University. Patricia M. Samford is director of the Maryland Archaeological Conservation Laboratory at Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum and has previously worked at the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation and North Carolina State Historic Sites.

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